Kennel Cough: A Comprehensive Veterinary Guide

Kennel cough, medically termed infectious tracheobronchitis, is a highly contagious respiratory disease commonly found in dogs. Understanding the nuances of this condition is crucial for pet owners and veterinarians alike to prevent its spread and effectively manage it. Etiology of Kennel Cough: Kennel cough predominantly results from the synergistic action of various infectious agents, such … Read more

Johne’s Disease in Cattle: Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention

Paratuberculosis, commonly referred to as Johne’s disease, is a chronic infectious illness that mostly affects ruminant animals, particularly cattle, sheep, and goats. Mycobacterium avium subsp. Paratuberculosis (MAP) is the cause. Etiology of Johne’s Disease: Johne’s disease in cattle is primarily caused by a slow-growing bacterium known as Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP). This bacterium primarily … Read more

Mastitis in Dairy Animals: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention

Mastitis is an inflammatory response of the udder tissue in the mammary gland caused due to physical trauma or microorganism infections. Etiology of Mastitis: Fungal entities responsible for mastitis are Aspergillus fumigates  Trichosporon spp. Physical injury to the mammary region poor hygiene and trauma also cause this condition Bacterial infections like staphylococcus and streptococcus Types … Read more

Neosporosis: Causes, Symptoms ,Prevention and Treatment

Neospora Infection

 Neosporosis is one of the most common causes of bovine abortion, especially in intensively farmed cows. Neospora caninum is a microscopic protozoan parasite with worldwide distribution. Many domestic (eg, dogs, cattle, sheep, goats, water buffalo, horses, chickens) and wild and captive animals (eg, deer, rhinoceros, rodents, rabbits, coyotes, wolves, foxes) can be infected. Neosporosis abortion also occurs … Read more


Malignant edema in cattle is a serious condition caused by a bacterial infection that affects the soft tissues of the animal. It is caused by Clostridium septicum, a Gram-positive, anaerobic bacterium that produces toxins leading to tissue damage and fluid accumulation. This description will provide a comprehensive overview of malignant edema in cattle, including its … Read more

Trichuris in Animals

Trichuris is a genus of parasitic worms from the roundworm family Trichuridae, which are helminths. The term “whipworms” is frequently used to describe T. trichiura alone in medicine and any additional species in veterinary medicine. Whipworms get their name from their shape, which resembles a whip with broader “handles” at the back. This genus is … Read more


Actinomycosis is a rare bacterial infection caused by the Actinomycosis species of bacteria. This infection can affect various parts of the body, including the mouth, face, neck, lungs, and abdomen. The bacteria can enter the body through cuts or wounds in the skin or mucous membranes, or it can spread from other parts of the body, … Read more


Trypanosomiasis, also known as “sleeping sickness” or “the disease,” is a parasitic disease that affects humans and animals. In veterinary medicine, trypanosomiasis refers to an infection in animals caused mainly by protozoan parasites belonging to the genus Trypanosoma. Transmission of Trypanosomiasis: The disease is transmitted by the bite of an infected tsetse fly in sub-Saharan … Read more

Vesicular stomatitis in Animals

Vesicular stomatitis is a viral disease of livestock transmitted primarily by biting flies and midges. The disease results in characteristic vesicular lesions that can occur on the muzzle, lips, tongue, ears, sheath, udder, and ventral abdomen. Vesicular stomatitis causes discomfort to affected animals and may result in loss of markets for live animals, meat, and … Read more


An uncommon bacterial infection that we acquire from animals is called leptospirosis. Particularly from dogs, rats, and agricultural animals, it is transferred by their urine. They could not show any symptoms, yet they could still have the disease. Leptospirosis, unlike the flu, is typically unpleasant but not fatal. It seldom lasts more than a week. … Read more