Tick Fever: Etiology, Treatment & Prevention

Tick fever is a disease of sheep characterized by the development of internal abscesses caused by Staphylococcus aureus. The disease is normally triggered by infestation with Ixodes ricinu. Etiology of Tick pyaemia: Pyaemia results from the infection of lambs or sheep with Staphylococcus aureus. It is not directly transmitted by ticks, but S. aureus, usually … Read more

Johne’s Disease in Cattle: Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention

Paratuberculosis, commonly referred to as Johne’s disease, is a chronic infectious illness that mostly affects ruminant animals, particularly cattle, sheep, and goats. Mycobacterium avium subsp. Paratuberculosis (MAP) is the cause. Etiology of Johne’s Disease: Johne’s disease in cattle is primarily caused by a slow-growing bacterium known as Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP). This bacterium primarily … Read more

Bovine Tuberculosis: What You Need to Know About TB in Cattle

Bovine tuberculosis is a chronic infectious illness that mostly affects cattle but can also infect humans and other domestic and wild animals. The bacterium Mycobacterium bovis is to blame. Etiology  of Bovine Tuberculosis: The etiology of Bovine Tuberculosis (bTB) is primarily attributed to the bacterium Mycobacterium bovis. Mycobacterium bovis is a member of the Mycobacterium … Read more

Mastitis in Dairy Animals: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention

Mastitis is an inflammatory response of the udder tissue in the mammary gland caused due to physical trauma or microorganism infections. Etiology of Mastitis: Fungal entities responsible for mastitis are Aspergillus fumigates  Trichosporon spp. Physical injury to the mammary region poor hygiene and trauma also cause this condition Bacterial infections like staphylococcus and streptococcus Types … Read more


Malignant edema in cattle is a serious condition caused by a bacterial infection that affects the soft tissues of the animal. It is caused by Clostridium septicum, a Gram-positive, anaerobic bacterium that produces toxins leading to tissue damage and fluid accumulation. This description will provide a comprehensive overview of malignant edema in cattle, including its … Read more


Actinomycosis is a rare bacterial infection caused by the Actinomycosis species of bacteria. This infection can affect various parts of the body, including the mouth, face, neck, lungs, and abdomen. The bacteria can enter the body through cuts or wounds in the skin or mucous membranes, or it can spread from other parts of the body, … Read more

Vesicular stomatitis in Animals

Vesicular stomatitis is a viral disease of livestock transmitted primarily by biting flies and midges. The disease results in characteristic vesicular lesions that can occur on the muzzle, lips, tongue, ears, sheath, udder, and ventral abdomen. Vesicular stomatitis causes discomfort to affected animals and may result in loss of markets for live animals, meat, and … Read more

Septicemia in Animals


Septicemia is a serious bloodstream infection. It occurs when a bacterial infection enters the bloodstream from elsewhere in the body, such as the: skin lungs kidneys bladder.
Septicemia is a serious bloodstream infection.