Mites and Flies in Pets

Pets, whether they’re cats, dogs, or even small mammals like rabbits or guinea pigs, can sometimes fall victim to pests like mites and flies. These tiny creatures can cause discomfort, irritation, and even health issues for our beloved companions. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the reasons behind mite and fly infestations in pets, … Read more

Sanitization in Poultry Disease Management

Poultry farming is a critical sector in the food industry, providing a significant portion of the world’s meat supply. However, the industry faces numerous challenges, particularly in disease management. Sanitization in Poultry  plays a pivotal role in preventing and controlling diseases within poultry flocks. Importance of Sanitization in Poultry Disease Management: Sanitation in poultry farming … Read more

Staphylococcosis in Poultry

Staphylococcosis is a bacterial disease caused by gram-positive cocci of the genus Staphylococcus. S aureus and other species are ubiquitous in the environment and are part of the normal flora of the skin and other mucous membranes of poultry and other animals. They typically cause disease when they have access to tissue and the bloodstream … Read more

The Farmer’s Dog (Pork)   Review:   Farmers Pork is one of 3 fresh recipes included in our review of the The Farmers Dog product line. First 5 ingredients: Pork, sweet potato, potato, green beans, cauliflower Type: Grain-free Design: All Life Stages Best for: All dogs including large breed puppies See all 3 available recipes The Farmer’s Dog pork recipe gets the bulk … Read more

Pink Eye in cattle

Necrobacillosis in cattle

Necrobacillosis in cattle, also known as infectious keratitis or “pink eye,” is a common infectious disease that affects the eyes of cattle.Necrobacillosis is highly contagious and often spreads rapidly within a herd, particularly in situations where animals are in close contact or where environmental conditions favor bacterial growth. The disease is characterized by inflammation of … Read more


Arthritis means inflammation or swelling of one or more joints. It describes more than 100 conditions that affect the joints, tissues around the joint, and other connective tissues. Specific symptoms vary depending on the type of arthritis but usually include joint pain and stiffness. ETIOLOGY: 1.      Hematogenic spread of infectious agents arising from generalized septicemia … Read more


The highly infectious Bursal Disease (IBD) is also known as Gumboro in reference to the district of Delaware, USA where it was first recognized. The disease usually affects birds that are 3-6 weeks old. The course of the disease is very short, stunting the bird’s growth and affecting its immunity. CAUSE The disease is caused … Read more


Infectious bronchitis (IB) is a highly contagious viral respiratory disease. The importance of IB infection is its negative effect on the bird’s growth rate and feed efficiency; flocks also have a high percentage of condemnation at processing. SIGNS Baby chick • Wheezing, coughing, and sneezing are detectable at night • Watery eyes, nasal discharge, and … Read more

Newcastle disease (ND)

Newcastle disease (ND) is highly infectious. The disease usually occurs in chickens but can affect all other species of poultry. Transmission is through oral and respiratory discharge and feces of infected birds. By law, this disease must be reported at once. Etiology of Newcastle disease (ND) The disease is caused by Paramyxovirus, a virus that … Read more