Sanitization in Poultry Disease Management

Poultry farming is a critical sector in the food industry, providing a significant portion of the world’s meat supply. However, the industry faces numerous challenges, particularly in disease management. Sanitization in Poultry  plays a pivotal role in preventing and controlling diseases within poultry flocks. Importance of Sanitization in Poultry Disease Management: Sanitation in poultry farming … Read more

Staphylococcosis in Poultry

Staphylococcosis is a bacterial disease caused by gram-positive cocci of the genus Staphylococcus. S aureus and other species are ubiquitous in the environment and are part of the normal flora of the skin and other mucous membranes of poultry and other animals. They typically cause disease when they have access to tissue and the bloodstream … Read more


The highly infectious Bursal Disease (IBD) is also known as Gumboro in reference to the district of Delaware, USA where it was first recognized. The disease usually affects birds that are 3-6 weeks old. The course of the disease is very short, stunting the bird’s growth and affecting its immunity. CAUSE The disease is caused … Read more


Infectious bronchitis (IB) is a highly contagious viral respiratory disease. The importance of IB infection is its negative effect on the bird’s growth rate and feed efficiency; flocks also have a high percentage of condemnation at processing. SIGNS Baby chick • Wheezing, coughing, and sneezing are detectable at night • Watery eyes, nasal discharge, and … Read more

Newcastle disease (ND)

Newcastle disease (ND) is highly infectious. The disease usually occurs in chickens but can affect all other species of poultry. Transmission is through oral and respiratory discharge and feces of infected birds. By law, this disease must be reported at once. Etiology of Newcastle disease (ND) The disease is caused by Paramyxovirus, a virus that … Read more


Colisepticemia is characterized by coliform bacteria’s invasion of the blood stream  and is primarily observed in neonates and immune-compromised animals. Affected animals show pronounced signs of systemic disease and tend to deteriorate rapidly. Coli-septicaemia is an infectious disease of farmed poultry. It is most commonly seen following upper respiratory disease. Caused by the bacterium Escherichia coli, … Read more


Also known as airsacculitis and MG (mycoplasma gallisepticum), CRD affects the entire respiratory tract including the air sacs. The disease is important, not by itself, but because it attracts secondary invading organisms such as E. Coli. Stress conditions (moving birds, debeaking, cold or poor ventilation) increase birds’ susceptibility. Mortality is usually low and economic losses … Read more


  COCCIDIOSIS is a parasitic disease of the internal intestinal tract of which the causative agent is protozoa. A warm environment and high humidity (wet litter) is perfect for the organism to multiply. Etiology of COCCIDIOSIS: The disease is caused by 9 different species of coccidia of which the most important are: Elmeria (E)) acervulina, … Read more


ASPERGILLOSIS in poultry is a  fungal infectious disease, caused by Aspergillus fumigatus, in which the typical sign is gasping for breath, especially in young chicks. Sometimes the same organism causes eye lesions or chronic lesions in older birds. The fungus can infect plant material and many species of animals including birds and man. Occasionally similar … Read more


ACUTE DEATH SYNDROME: Flip-over disease causes serious mortality in broiler chickens. Flip-over disease usually affects the larger and rapidly growing broilers that are between 3 and 5 weeks old. The condition can also affect small farm flocks. SIGNS • Birds are often found dead on their backs, legs stretched out behind them, and their necks … Read more