Mastitis in Dairy Animals: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention

Mastitis is an inflammatory response of the udder tissue in the mammary gland caused due to physical trauma or microorganism infections.

Etiology of Mastitis:

  • Fungal entities responsible for mastitis are
  • Aspergillus fumigates 
  • Trichosporon spp.
  • Physical injury to the mammary region
  • poor hygiene and trauma also cause this condition
  • Bacterial infections like staphylococcus and streptococcus

Types of Mastitis:

There are three types of mastitis

  1. Subclinical Mastitis (90% Chances to recovery)
  2. Clinical Mastitis (80% chance of recovery)
  3. Chronic mastitis (10% chances to recovery)

1.Subclinical mastitis:

This is the type of mastitis that not show any clinical signs it can be detect through mastitis tests like surf test ,ELIESA and other mastitis tests

2.Clinical mastitis:

This is the type of mastitis that show all clinical signs and the color of milk and consistency also change this is known as clinical mastitis. This have 70 to 80% chances to Recovery but if treated timely but if not notice it can’t recover and damage the whole udder of one of the teat. It may be one sided mastitis or two sided means on one side of the udder or both sides effected

3.Chronic mastitis

This is highly effected type of mastitis in which sever clinical signs show like blood from milk as well as the read like material come from infected teat and teat severely damage and not recover again .

There are 5 to 10 % chance of recovery of this type of mastitis

Clinical Signs & Symptoms:

  • Redness
  • High Body temperature
  • Pulsation
  • Hotness
  • Pain
  • Milk color change
  • Watery appearance of milk
  • Threads like material from milk
  • Blood from teat
  • Sever hardness
  • Swelling of udder
  • Restless of infected anima


Mastitis diagnosis methods:

It can be diagnosis by the clinical signs as well as different test which can be perform to


1.California mastitis test (CMT) :

One of the best ways to detect mastitis is to use the California Mastitis Test (CMT).A four compartment paddle and the CMT reagent are the only supplies you need to conduct the test. Conducting the CMT is simple, but before interpreting the results, you need to know what the test measures.

2. Direct microscopic method:

In this method you can check direct by vision to microorganisms in the milk or milk consistency can also check by this method.

3. Surf field mastitis test :

In this test you can use surf which contain alkyl Aryle sulphonate which decay the DNA of bacteria present in the milk .

4. Strip cup method:

A few strips can be down in cup and can check easily the mastitis in milk.

5. Ground test:

A few streaks to the ground for this purpose it will show the presence of threads or any changing in the milk this is as lo an important test for mastitis.

Mastitis control measures:

  • 1: Gloves should be worn by all milkers at all times when milking
  • 2: Pre-dip all teats prior to milking
  • 3: All clusters should be sterilized
  • 4: Only use one piece of paper towel per animal
  • 5: Keep cows standing up after milking for 30

Treatment of Mastitis in dairy Animals:

Treatment of mastitis is done on the base of severity. If clinical mastitis occurs the local as well as systemic treatment done. The line of treatment will be following

  • First local treatment done by using teat syphon clean the teat clearly and then put inframammary infusion like
  • Gentamast
  • Ampiclox
  • Cloxam
  • Novaject

systemic treatment :

Antibiotic treatment for mastitis

  • inj. prebiotic 5g
  •  Amovit,
  • Amoxiciline,
  • PPS LA
  • Clavet

Repeat these doses for minimum 3 days.

13 thoughts on “Mastitis in Dairy Animals: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention”

  1. It is very clearly Explained and very easy to understand and very informative for Veterinary Doctor’s.

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